Conflicts in the world due to Disputes over resources



Throughout human history, the most prevalent and ubiquitous forms of Conflicts in the world have been over territory and more often than not, natural resources have been an underlying factor. It is inconsistent whether conflicts over resources are caused by scarcity or abundance, however, it is clear that whenever such conflicts do occur, not only do they cause a disruption in the local lifestyle and eco system but its shockwaves can be heard all around the world in the form of promoting violence and affecting foreign relations between and around the countries in question. The course of action to resolve this issue is still unclear.


The second largest producer of oil and gas in Africa, ravaged by infrastructure issues, pipeline leaks and oil theft is unsurprisingly failing to meet its OPEC goals. Nigeria is a hub of diverse cultural and technological creativity and a centre of black racial identity. However, due to its natural resources, it has become a prime target for illegal power hungry groups and is now deemed unsafe to travel, caused by the frequent events of kidnappings and murder.4 Leading No Code Google Review Plugin For WordPress 2023


Iraq is a country that sits on two of the most fertile rivers in the Middle East, yet it still faces water scarcity. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), this is due to the building of dams upstream in Turkey, Iran and Syria which control around 81% of the water flowing into Iraq. Between the Gulf war, ISIS insurgency and the Turkish dam programs, Iraqi cities are choking in what remains of the water reach them. It has been estimated in an HRW report that the 2018 water crisis resulted in over a hundred thousand civilians going to the hospital causing violent protests around the country further increasing instability and being detrimental to both the country’s relations with Turkey and towards the water supply infrastructure in this seemingly unending cycle of pain and suffering.


Ever since the mid 1950s, Oil has been the lifeblood of industrialised countries. In 1990, Iraq ceased the opportunity to invade Kuwait. Doing this not only meant that Saddam Husain controlled 20% of the world’s oil which was a massive relief for the bankrupt nation, it also provided Iraq a coastline on the Persian gulf. The resulting invasion and the war that followed, killed thousands and displaced millions.


For any state, water is essential for development as it provides means of transportation, maintenance of health, food growth, etc. Most of the rivers of India flow through more than one state which means that there will always be disputes “with regard to the use, distribution and control of waters of inter-state river basins.” However, the government is taking many steps towards resolving this problem such as a new amendment to the constitution that’ll allow for disputes to be resolved quicker.


Bhopal has long been known as the city of lakes, however it is currently under a water crisis that is caused by the shrinking Upper lake which, along with other lakes, have been providing over 90% of Bhopal’s water supply. Bhopalites are beginning to suffer from the constant water scarcity upheavals as neighbourhoods burst into violence

Comparing Different Perspectives

Iraq and Kuwait

Whilst Iraq is facing resource scarcity. Both of the neighbours have historically been attacked and conquered due to what’s known as the resource curse

Iraq and Nigeria

Both the countries have fallen victim to government instability and incompetency as terrorism is prevalent and travel is unsafe

Nigeria and Kuwait

Both of the countries are experiencing the resource curse as they’re ravaged by corruption and their neighbours and terrorists look towards them with greed.


Nigeria is suffering from the resource curse and has a corrupt government which makes it presently unable to muster resistance against the illegal acts of resource theft and violence in the country

Iraq is a country that faces both corruption and water scarcity and can’t resolve it due to poor foreign relations

Kuwait is an extremely oil rich country which is why many countries seek to subdue it. however, it’s currently in a state of stability

India is facing water shortages causing disputes among states but it is actively working to resolve its issues

Bhopal is in a difficult situation due to its over-dependance on the Upper lake for water


The Nigerian government needs to request foreign aid to have the resources it needs to establish authority on the country and to end corruption

Iraq should ameliorate its relations with Turkey in order to increase its water supply which will bring much needed stability to the country

Kuwait needs to strengthen its ties with its neigṣhbours and transition away from overdependence on oil

India should try to implement new laws that decrease water consumption without compromising on economic growth and productivity

Bhopal should decrease its overdependence on surface water.

“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed” – Mahatma Gandhi.


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